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If you can figure out the security needs of your home, then you can develop your own home security camera system. A D-I-Y guide is quite useful when you have to embark on a project that is very important for the safety of your family. However, in the absence of a comprehensive D-I-Y guide in planning for home security, you can still proceed with the project by doing it stepwise.
The main objective of having a surveillance system is to ensure that your family is protected from intruders, which means you should get ample warning when a stranger lurks close to your home. Installing outdoor security cameras that will give you a good view of the perimeter of your house will only partly solve the problem. An alarm system that will warn you of unauthorized attempts to breach your security will also function as a deterrent to further incursions.
The hardest part of the DIY security system is choosing the security components. To do this, you have to look at the different systems from which you will now have choose from, which is quite a varied selection. To start, you have to look at the various security cameras available in the market, options for wireless and wired installation, the monitoring system for the cameras, and the appropriate alarm system.
Choosing the D-I-Y Surveillance Cameras for Your Home
Video surveillance cameras are essential components of a home security camera system. The best choice is the most appropriate model for the security system that you have planned.
> Bullet vs Dome Camera
If your purpose for installing security cameras is to discourage theft, the bullet camera is the more appropriate choice since it is quite visible compared with the dome camera. Passers-by and would-be thieves can easily spot them, and this can be enough deterrent to keep intruders away. The bullet is also considered more appropriate when monitoring large areas outdoors because it can accommodate longer lenses than dome cameras can. This means the camera range is longer, though this may not always be the case as there are also domes that provide long range.
On the other hand, the dome camera can easily blend into the décor of your home, for example the lighting system in your garage and along doorways so it is a better choice if you want covert monitoring. If you live within a neighborhood where vandalism is rampant, the dome camera is the better choice because it is considered more durable and less susceptible to direct attacks compared to a bullet camera. You should consider a vandal proof model to protect your security camera from damage through deliberate attack by vandals.
Whether you choose bullet or dome cameras, you should consider the size of the lens for most appropriate angle of view or the expanse of area that the surveillance camera can monitor. For your front and back yard, you should look at wide-angle lenses provide a wider monitoring span while for hallways and doorways, narrower angle lenses that targets certain spots can be the better choice.
> Wired vs Wireless
Wired security cameras require two cables, one for the power supply and another to transmit data from the recording device to the monitor that displays video footages. Thus, installation can be difficult, particularly concealing the cables and keeping them away from locations where they can be a tripping hazard. Camera placement is constrained by the availability of power supply, and once they are installed, it will be difficult to reposition them. Depending on the number of cameras that you need for your home security system, you may need the help of professionals to have the security components installed properly and the cable concealed. The wired camera is more expensive, and the quality of the video feed is lower compared with those produced by wireless cameras.
Wireless security cameras are smaller than the wired models, easy to setup, and can be positioned anywhere within the range of the wireless receiver that receives the signals transmitted by the camera though a radio band. These units require an electrical socket for power, or alternatively, you can purchase a newer model that uses a rechargeable lithium polymer battery for power. The advantages of using wireless security cameras are the flexible mounting options, low installation cost, and the high quality of audio and video footages. On the downside, wireless cameras are susceptible to interferences from other electrical devices that can result to jumpy feeds and signal loss, and adds a component with the risk of breakdown to the security system in the form of the wireless receiver.
WiFi cameras provide another option, though these are mostly suitable for indoor use only. You need to provide a power source for these cameras, and then just turn them on to receive a live feed, provided you have WiFi coverage in your home. The camera connects to the Internet via Wifi, so you will not need a DVR (digital video recorder) since the footages stream to the cloud, which you can access through a computer or mobile device. Ease of installation and monitoring are the advantages of the Wifi camera.
Other camera features to consider
You should look into the durability of the housing of the security cameras that you will install because this will directly affect the reliability of your security system. Security cameras are provided with Ingress Protection (IP) ratings that indicate the level of protection against the ingress of dust and liquid into the camera, which can affect the lens and eventually make the camera useless. An IP66 rating is appropriate for installation outdoors because it has maximum protection against dust, and it can withstand exposure against harsh weather conditions like rain and snow. Security cameras for indoor installation can have lower ratings, for example IP65 or IP64 because exposure to moisture is less.
When you live in a neighborhood where vandalism and theft is rampant, you should consider a vandal proof camera to ensure that your security system will not be easily damaged or rendered useless from direct physical attacks.
With many factors to consider, a DIY project like putting up your own home security camera system may look daunting but as you proceed with it, it will not be as difficult as you think and you will have the satisfaction of providing your family with peace of mind.